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Structural Algorithms for Diagnostic System Design Using Simulink Models

Today's society depends on complex and technically advanced mechanical systems, often containing a variety of different components. Despite careful development andconstruction, some of these components may eventually fail. To avoid unnecessary damage, for example environmental or financial, there is a need to locate and diagnose these faults as fast as possible. This can be done with a diagnostic system, which should produce an alarm if there is a fault in the mechanical system and, if possible, indicate the reason behind it. In model based diagnosis, a mathematical model of a fault free system is used to detect if the monitored system contain any faults. This is done by constructing fault indicators, called fault tests, consisting of equations from different parts of the model. Finding these parts is a time-consuming and demanding task, hence it is preferable if as much as possible of this process can be automated. In this thesis an algorithm that finds all parts of a system that can be used to create these fault tests is presented. To make this analysis feasible, in industrial applications, a simplified version of a system model called a structural model is used. Since the models considered in this thesis are implemented in the mathematical software Simulink, a method for transforming Simulink models into analytical equations and structural models is described. As a way of increasing the diagnostic performance for a model based diagnostic system, information about different faults, called fault models, can be included in the model. However, since the models in this thesis are implemented in Simulink, there is no direct way in which this can be preformed. This thesis describes a solution to this problem. The correctness of the algorithms in this thesis are proved and they have been applied, with supreme results, to a Scania truck engine model.

Lars Eriksson


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