Adaptive cruise control utilizing Look-Ahead information
In this master thesis the possibilities of combining an adaptive cruise control with information about the road ahead has been studied. The focus has been to investigate the possibility to save fuel by using information about road topology, Look-Ahead. An adaptive cruise control, AiCC, is used when there are preceding vehicles and when the driver in addition to choosing a desired travel speed for the vehicle also chooses a desired time gap that is to be kept to preceding vehicles travelling slower than the own vehicle.
Using information about the road ahead and information of preceding vehicles a controller with the function to adapt the speed to the preceding vehicle, target, and at the same time reduce the fuel usage has been constructed. The controller considers the topography on the road and the distance to the target to be able to reduce the utilization of the brakes in steep downhills and to reduce fuel by slowing down before the downhill and then gain speed due to the gravitational force. The controller uses the assumption that the target travels with constant velocity at all time.
The work has included simulations with two different test roads, one in Sweden with shorter and not so steep downhills. The other road is placed in Germany and has long and steep downhills. In the simulations three various time gaps, 1, 2 and 3 seconds, has been used and three different weights of the preceding vehicle, 20, 40 and 50 tonnes. The vehicle with the controller using adaptive cruise control and Look-Ahead has a weight of 40 tonnes.
The results shows that fuel can be saved, using information about the road ahead in combination with an adaptive cruise control. The best result is obtained when the road contains steep and long downills, where the vehicle will gain speed due to the gravitational force. For the long and steep downhills the result is best when the target weight is 40 and 50 tonnes. When the downhills are smaller and not so steep the best result is obtained when the target weight is 20 tonnes. For these downhills the assumption that the target travels at constant speed makes the vehicle reduce the speed too much before the downhill, not considering that a heavier vehicle will accelerate in the downhill as well.
The time gaps that gives the best result is time gap 1 second. This is due to that the aerodynamic force acting upon the vehicle is reduced when there is a preceding vehicle at a not too far distance. The smaller the distance to the preceding vehicle the more the aerodynamic force is reduced.
Senast uppdaterad: 2021-11-10