Generator Effects on the Optimal Control of a Power Assisted Diesel-Electric Powertrain
Optimal control of a diesel-electric powertrain in transient operation is studied. The attention is on how generator limits affect the solution, as well as how the addition of a small energy storage can assist in the transients. Two different types of problems are solved, minimum fuel and minimum time, with different generator limits as well as with and without an extra energy storage. In the optimization both the output power and engine speed are free variables. For this aim a 4-state mean value engine model is used together with models for the generator and energy storage losses. The considered transients are steps from idle to target power with different amounts of freedom, defined as requirements on produced energy, before the requested power has to be met. For minimum fuel transients the energy storage remains virtually unused for all requested energies, for minimum time it does not. The generator limits are found to have the biggest impact on the fuel economy, whereas an energy storage could significantly reduce the response time.
Martin Sivertsson and Lars Eriksson
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Last updated: 2021-11-10