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Diagnosis System Conceptual Design Utilizing Structural Methods - Applied on a UAV's Fuel System

To simplify troubleshooting and reliability of a process, a diagnosis system can supervise the process and alarm if any faults are detected. A diagnosis system can also identify one, or several faults, i.e. isolate faults, that may have caused the alarm. If model-based diagnosis is used, tests based on observations from the process are compared to a model of the process to diagnose the process. It can be a hard task to find which tests to be used for maximal fault detection and fault isolation. Structural Methods require not very detailed knowledge of the process to be diagnosed and can be used to find such tests early in the design of new processes. Sensors are used to get observations of a process. Therefore, sensors placed on different positions in the process gives different possibilities for observations. A specific set of sensors are in this work called a sensor configuration. This thesis contributes with a method to predict and examine the fault detection and fault isolation possibility. By using these two diagnosis properties, a suitable sensor configuration is computed and tests to be used in a future diagnosis system are suggested. For this task an algorithm which can be used in the design phase of diagnosis systems, and a Matlab implementation of this algorithm are described. In one part of this work the Matlab implementation and the algorithm are used to study how a model-based diagnosis-system can be used to supervise the fuel system in an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).

Tobias Axelsson


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Last updated: 2021-11-10