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Model Based Diagnosis of the Intake Manifold Pressure on a Diesel Engine

Stronger environmental awareness as well as actual and future legislations increase the demands on diagnosis and supervision of any vehicle with a combustion engine. Particularly this concerns heavy duty trucks, where it is common with long driving distances and large engines. Model based diagnosis is an often used method in these applications, since it does not require any hardware redundancy. Undesired changes in the intake manifold pressure can cause increased emissions. In this thesis a diagnosis system for supervision of the intake manifold pressure is constructed and evaluated. The diagnosis system is based on a Mean Value Engine Model (MVEM) of the intake manifold pressure in a diesel engine with Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) and Variable Geometry Turbine (VGT). The observer-based residual generator is a comparison between the measured intake manifold pressure and the observer based estimation of this pressure. The generated residual is then post treated in the CUSUM algorithm based diagnosis test. When constructing the diagnosis system, robustness is an important aspect. To achieve a robust system design, four different observer approaches are evaluated. The four approaches are extended Kalman filter, high-gain, sliding mode and an adaption of the open model. The conclusion of this evaluation is that a sliding mode approach is the best alternative to get a robust diagnosis system in this application. The CUSUM algorithm in the diagnosis test improves the properties of the diagnosis system further.

Christoffer Bergström and Gunnar Höckerdal


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Last updated: 2021-11-10