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Knock Detection in a Two-Stroke Engine to be Used in the Engine Management System

Engine knock has long been a well recognized phenomenon in the automotive industry. Detecting engine knock opens up the possibility for an indirect feedback of the engine's internal combustion without installing a pressure transducer inside the cylinder. Knock detection has mainly been used for spark advance control, making it possible to control the engine close to its knock limit in search for the optimal ignition timing. This application has to a lesser extent been applied to lightweight two-stroke engines, which is the focus of this study. The investigation features a modern chainsaw engine whose knock characteristics were first determined with a pressure transducer. The structural vibrations originating from the engine knock are filtered out of the signal from a remote located accelerometer. The knock intensity is compared with the signal from the pressure transducer which shows a correlation with an accepted extent between the two sensors. Parameters that affect the knock intensity have also been investigated. These include engine temperature, different types of fuel and ignition timings.

Filip Höglund


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Last updated: 2021-11-10