Modeling and control of a Parallel HEV Powertrain with focus on the clutch
Nowadays, the increasing amount of greenhouse gases and diminishing of the exist-
ing petroleum minerals for future generations, has led the automotive companies
to think of producing vehicles with less emissions and fuel consumption. For this
purpose, Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have emerged in the recent decades.
HEVs with dierent congurations have been introduced by engineers.
The simulation platform aim for a parallel HEV, where the intention is to reduce
the emissions and fuel consumption. The simulation platform includes an Electric
Motor (EM) in addition to an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). A new trans-
mission system is modeled which is compatible with parallel conguration for the
HEV, where the inertial eects of the gearbox, clutch and driveline is formulated.
The transmission system includes a gearbox which is equipped with synchronizers
for smooth change of gears.
The HEV is controlled by a rule based controller together with an optimization
algorithm as power management strategy in order to have optimal fuel consump-
tion. Using the rule based controller, the HEV is planned to be launched by EM in
order to have a downsized clutch and ICE. The clutch modeling is the main focus
of this study, where the slipping mechanism is considered in the simulation. In
the driveline model, the exibility eects of the propeller shaft and drive shaft is
simulated, so that the model can capture the torsional vibrations of the driveline.
The objective of modeling such a system is to reduce emissions and fuel consump-
tion with the same performance of the conventional vehicle. To achieve this goal
rst a conventional vehicle is modeled and subsequently, a hybrid vehicle is mod-
eled and nally the characteristics of the two simulated models are studied and
compared with each other.
Using the simulation platform, the state of charge (SOC) of the battery, oscilla-
tions of propeller shaft and drive shaft, clutch actuations and couplings, energy
dissipated by the clutch, torques provided by EM and ICE, fuel consumptions,
emissions and calculation time are calculated and investigated. The hybridization
results in a reduction in fuel consumption and emissions, moreover, the energy
dissipated by the clutch and clutch couplings are decreased.
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Last updated: 2021-11-10