Hybrid Vehicle Control Benchmark
ï»¿The new emission regulations for new trucks was made to decrease the CO2 emissionsÂ by 30% from 2020 to 2030. One of the solutions is hybridizing the truck powertrain with 48V or 600V that can recover brake energy with electrical machines and batteries. The control of this hybrid powertrain is key to increase fuel efficiency. The idea behind this approach is to combine two different power sources, an internal combustion engine and a battery driven electric machine, and use both to provide tractive forces to the vehicle. This approach requires a HEV controller to operate the power flow within the systems. The HEV controller is the key to maximize fuel savings which contains an energy management strategy. It uses the knowledge of the road profile ahead by GPS and maps, and strongly interacts with the control of the cruise speed, automated gear shifts, powertrain modes and state of charge. In this master thesis, the dynamic programming strategy is used as predictive energy management for hybrid electric truck in forward- facing simulation environment. An analysis of predictive energy management is thus done for receding and full horizon length on flat and hilly drive cycle, where fuel consumption and recuperation energyÂ will be regarded as the primary factor. Another important factor to consider is the powertrain mode of the vehicle with different penalty values. The result from horizon study indicates that the long receding horizon length has a benefit to store more recuperative energy. The fuel consumption is decreased for all drive cycle in the comparison with existing Volvo's strategy.
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Last updated: 2021-11-10